Prince Tadeusz Ogiński.

Posted in Non classé by Rafzen on 8 grudnia 2012

Princes Tadeusz and Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński.

Xavier Romance

Princes Tadeusz and Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński were the sons of Prince Michał Kleofas Ogiński and his first wife, Izabela Lasocka. They were born in 1798 and 1800 respectively at Brzeziny, the Lasockis’ estate just to the east of Łódż, in what was then the Prussian Partition of Poland. Both boys were brought up by their mother after their parents divorced and their father, having successfully sought permission from Tsar Alexander I to return to his homeland, left for Lithuania in 1801. Both Tadeusz and Xavier, as he was known, inherited their father’s gift for music. Very little is known of their early years, but, after the creation, from part of the Prussian Partition, of the Kingdom of Poland at the Congress of Vienna, they were sent to study at the newly established University of Vilnius. After that they went to Warsaw to work as government officials. During the 1820s they both found themselves very much in demand in the salons and concert rooms of Warsaw, especially Xavier, who became the more successful of the two. His bravura style of playing, and his championship of his father’s Polonaises, were very much admired. His own Polonaises were heard alongside those of Chopin, 10 years his junior. 10 have survived to this day, with 6 published in Warsaw between 1822 and 1828. The other four were published in Vilnius, probably before he came to Warsaw. Interesting parallels may be drawn in comparing these Polonaises with those of Chopin at this stage.

Xavier, who sported the “logo” X.O., also wrote a number of Romances, again in the style of his father, of which four survive. These include “Le Page blessé à Bavie”, with words by Leonard Chodźko, which was published in St Petersburg in 1820. Three more were published by J. Dąbrowski in Warsaw in 1829: “Le Lis”, “Le Retour du Croisé” – which was inspired by Walter Scott’s “Ivanhoe”, and “Triolet” a setting of a poem by Tomasz Zan, who, along with Mickiewicz was one of the founder members of the Vilnius Philomates Society.


Both Ogiński brothers married into the family of Baron Feliks von Rönne, whose estate was at Renavas, in north western Lithuania. Xavier married Baroness Theodore, and they had one son, Feliks. There was no further progeny. Tadeusz married Theodore’s sister, Baroness Marie, and they had three daughters, Amelia, Gabriela and Natalia. After the Uprising of 1830-1, both brothers moved to Vilnius and St Petersburg. Xavier died there in 1837. Tadeusz died „at his Lithuanian estate of Veisiejai” in 1884. His only documented legacy is a March for piano duet, published in Warsaw in 1822. This is now lost.


Michał Kleofas Ogiński 25 September 1765 – 15 October 1833)was a Polish composer,diplomat and politician, Lithuanian Grand Treasurer and Russian senator.

Ogiński was born in Guzów, Żyrardów County (near Warsaw) in the Polish Kingdom (part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). His father Andrius was Lithuanian nobleman and governor of Trakai, in Lithuania; his mother, Paula Paulina Szembek (1740–1797), was a daughter of the Polish magnate, Marek Szembek whose ancestors were Austrians and Yadviga Rudnicka who was of polonised Lithuanian descent (family name’s root is of Lithuanian origin and the suffix indicates polonisation of her family name).

Taught at home, young Ogiński excelled especially at music and foreign languages. He studied under Józef Kozłowski, and later took violin lessons from Viotti and Baillot.

Ogiński served as an adviser to King Stanisław August Poniatowski and supported him during the Great Sejm of 1788–1792. After 1790, he was dispatched to Hague as a diplomatic representative of Poland in the Netherlands and was Polish agent in Constantinople and Paris. In 1793, he was nominated to the office of the Treasurer in Lithuania. During Kościuszko Uprising in 1794, Ogiński commanded his own unit.[12] After the insurrection was suppressed, he emigrated to France, where he sought Napoleon‚s support for the Polish cause. At that period he saw a creation of the Duchy of Warsaw by the Emperor as a stepping stone to eventual full independence of Poland, and dedicated his only opera, Zelis et Valcour, to Napoleon.[13] In 1810, Ogiński withdrew from political activity in exile and disappointed with Napoleon returned to Vilna. Andrzej Jerzy Czartoryski introduced him to Tsar Alexander I, who made Ogiński a Russian Senator. Ogiński tried in vain to convince the Tsar to rebuild the Polish State. He moved abroad in 1815 and died in 1833 in Florence.

As a composer, he is best known for his polonaise Pożegnanie Ojczyzny (Farewell to Country), written on the occasion of his emigration to western Europe after the failure of the Kościuszko Uprising

  • 1786 – Polish Sejm deputy.
  • 1789 – Sword-bearer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
  • 1790/1791 – Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Netherlands.
  • 1791 – Returned to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to decide a point of his family lands since Russia had occupied some of them.
  • 1793 – Deputy to the Hrodna Sejm.
  • 1793–94 – Deputy Treasurer in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  • 1794 – Participant in the Kościuszko Uprising.

When the Russians occupied Vilnius, he moved to Warsaw. The Russians outlawed him and seized all his lands. Thereafter he lived in exile successively in Vienna, Venice and Paris.

He swore allegiance to Tsar Alexander I of Russia and settled in Zalesie village, Ashmyany region, in present-day Belarus. At the new place of living Oginski built a new palace, an English-style park, a greenhouse, a zoopark and collected a lot of books for his library.

1807 – Oginski met Napoleon in Italy.

1810 – Oginski moved to St. Petersburg, Russia. There he met the Russian Emperor, who gave Oginski the rank of Senator and Privy Councilor. Also he was conferred decorations upon St Vladimir and Alexander Nevski.

May, 1811 – Oginski introduced to the Emperor Alexander I of Russia his project of restoring independence of his fatherland. But the Emperor refused.

1823 – Oginski moved to Florence, Italy where lived till the death. Oginski was fond of Italian and French Opera, played violin, clavichord and balalaika. He started composing marches and military songs in 1790’s and became popular among the rebels in 1794. He composed some 20 polonaises, various piano pieces, mazurkas, marches, romances and waltzes. In 1794 he wrote a polonaise ‚A Farewell to the Homeland’ (‚Pożegnanie ojczyzny’). Some of his other popular works and compositions include. Opera ‚Zelis et Valcour ou Bonaparte au Caire’ (1799). Treatise ‚Letters about music’ (1828). Memoirs on Poland and the Poles, 1788–1815′ (‚Memoires sur la Pologne et les Polonais, depute 1788 jusqu’a la fin de 1815’), published in Paris.

Ogiński (Lithuanian: Oginskiai, Belarusian: Агінскія, Ahinskija) was a noble family of Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Poland (later, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), member of The Princely Houses of Poland.

They were most likely of Rurikid stock, related to Chernihiv Knyaz family, and originated from the Smolensk region, incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania around 14th century. The family bears its name from Uogintai (in present day Kaišiadorys district of Lithuania), a major estate of the family in Lithuania granted to precursor of the family Knyaz Dmitry Hlushonok (d. 1510) by Grand Duke of Lithuania Alexander in 1486. An important family in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the family had produced many important officials of the state, as well as several notable musicians. The Ogiński clan’s political stronghold was the Vitebsk Voivodeship, where a palace was built in the first half of the 17th century by Samuel Ogiński; until the beginning of the 19th century, it was the largest public building in the city of Vitebsk.

On September 18, 1711 Bishop Bogusław Gosiewski, sold the town of Maladzyechna the Ogiński family. Among the owners of the area were Kazimierz Ogiński and Tadeusz Ogiński, the Castellan of Trakai. The Ogiński family made it one of the main centres of their domain. They erected a new, classicist palace with notable frescoes, as well as a late renaissance church. In 1783 the family received from Joseph II the title of Prince  the Holy Roman Emperor.

In 1882 the villages Zalavas and Kavarskas were bought by Michał Ogiński, an heir to the Ogiński family who had owned it in the 18th century. They also temporarily possessed Siedlce. They were the sponsors of Orthodox editions in Ruthenian and Slavonic languages.[1] Orthodox publicists called the clan of Oginski „the bastion of Orthodox faith”. The last orthodox magnate, Marcjan Aleksander Ogiński had to choose between Roman Catholic and Greek-Catholic Church


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